Babesiosis

Published Date
Journal
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Citation
29(2):357-70
DOI
10.1016/j.idc.2015.02.008
Authors
Vannier EG
Diuk-Wasser MA
Ben Mamoun C
Krause PJ
Abstract

Babesiosis is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites that are transmitted by ticks, or less commonly through blood transfusion or transplacentally. Human babesiosis was first recognized in a splenectomized patient in Europe but most cases have been reported from the northeastern and upper midwestern United States in people with an intact spleen and no history of immune impairment. Cases are reported in Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, and South America. Babesiosis shares many clinical features with malaria and can be fatal, particularly in the elderly and the immunocompromised.